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致力于成为机械制造业的领导者

循环水

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XUNHUANSHUIZHUYAOYOUGONGYEHEJIAYONGLIANGZHONG,ZHUYAOMUDEDOUSHIWEILEJIEYUEYONGSHUI。GONGYEXUNHUANSHUIZHUYAOYONGZAILENGQUESHUIXITONGZHONG,SUOYIYEJIAOXUNHUANLENGQUESHUI。YINWEIGONGYELENGQUESHUIZHANZONGYONGSHUILIANGDE90%YISHANG。JIATINGXUNHUANSHUIZHUYAOYONGZAIRESHUIQISHANG。

处理方法

DIYIZHANG XUNHUANLENGQUESHUIXITONGJIQISHUICHULIGAIKUANG

第一节 循环冷却水系统总概

RENLEIRICHANGSHENGHUOLIBUKAISHUI,GONGYESHENGCHANYETONGYANGLIBUKAISHUI。SUIZHEGONGYESHENGCHANDEFAZHAN,YONGSHUILIANGYUELAIYUEDA,HENDUODIQUYIJINGCHUXIANGONGSHUIBUZUDEXIANXIANG,YINCIHELIHEJIEYUEYONGSHUIYIJINGCHENGWEIFAZHANGONGYESHENGCHANZHONGDEYIGEZHONGYAOWENTI。

GONGYEYONGSHUIZHUYAOBAOKUOGUOLUYONGSHUI、GONGYIYONGSHUI、QINGXIYONGSHUIHELENGQUEYONGSHUI、DENG。QIZHONGYONGSHUILIANGZUIDADESHILENGQUEYONGSHUI,YUEZHANGONGYEYONGSHUILIANGDEBAIFENZHIJIUSHIYISHANG。BUTONGDEGONGYEXITONGHEBUTONGYONGTUDUISHUIZHIDEYAOQIUSHIBUTONGDE;DANGEGONGYEBUMENSHIYONGDELENGQUESHUIDUISHUIZHIDEYAOQIUJIBENSHANGSHIYIZHIDE,ZHEIJIUSHIDELENGQUESHUIZHIKONGZHIZAIZUOWEIYIMENYINGYONGJISHUHUODELEXUNSUDEFAZHAN。ZAIGONGCHANGZHONG,LENGQUESHUIZHUYAOYONGLAILENGNINGZHENGQI,LENGQUECHANPINHUOSHEBEI,RUGUOLENGQUEXIAOGUOCHA,JIUHUIYINGXIANGSHENGCHANXIAOLV,SHICHANPINDESHOULVHECHANPINDEZHILIANGXIAJIANG,SHENZHIYUHUIZAOCHENGSHENGCHANSHIGU。

SHUISHIBIJIAOLIXIANGDELENGQUEJIEZHI。YINWEISHUIDECUNZAIHENPUBIAN,HEQITAYETIXIANGBI,SHUIDERERONGHUOBIREJIAODA,SHUIDEQIHUAQIANRE(ZHENGFAQIANRE)HERONGHUAQIANREYEHENGAO。BIRESHIDANWEIZHILIANGDESHUIWENDUSHENGGAOYIDUSHISUOXISHOUDERELIANG。CHANGYONGDEDANWEISHIKA/KE·DU(SHESHI)HUOYINGREDANWEI(B.T.U.)/BANG·DU(HUASHI)。YONGZHEILIANGGEDANWEIBIAOSHISHUIDEBIREDUSHI,QISHUZHISHIXIANGTONGDE。RERONGDAHUOBIREDADEWUZHISHENGGAOWENDUSHIXUYAOXISHOUDALIANGDERELIANG,ERBENSHENWENDUBINGBUMINGXIANSHENGGAO,YINCISHUIJUYOULIANGHAODEZHUREXINGNENG。QIANRESHIWUTAIFASHENGZHUANBIANSHISUOXISHOUHUOFANGCHUDERELIANG。YIKEFENZISHUIZHENGFACHENGWEIYIKEFENZIZHENGQIXUYAOXISHOUJINYIWANKADERELIANG,YINCISHUIZHENGFASHINENGXISHOUDALIANGDERELIANG,CONGERSHISHUIWENXIAJIANG,ZHEIZHONGYIKAOSHUIFENZHENGFADAIZOURELIANGDEGUOCHENGCHENGWEIZHENGFASANRE。

HESHUIYIYANG,KONGQIYESHIYIZHONGCHANGYONGDELENGQUEJIEZHI。SHUIHEKONGQIDEDAOREXINGNENGDOUHENCHA,ZAI0℃SHI,SHUIDEDAOREXISHUSHI0.49QIANKA/MI·XIAOSHI·℃,KONGQIDEDAOREXISHUSHI0.021QIANKA/MI·XIAOSHI·℃,DANSHUIYUKONGQIXIANGBI,SHUIDEDAOREXISHUYAOBIKONGQIGAO24BEIZUOYOU。YINCI,DANGLENGQUEXIAOGUOXIANGTONGSHI,YONGSHUILENGQUEBIYONGKONGQILENGQUEDESHEBEIYAOXIAODEDUO。DAXINGGONGYEQIYEHEYONGSHUILIANGDADEGONGCHANGYIBANDOUCAIYONGSHUILENGQUE。CHANGYONGDESHUILENGXITONGKEYIFENCHENGSANLEI,JIZHILIUXITONG、MIBIXITONGHECHANGKAIZHENGFAXITONG,HOULIANGZHONGLENGQUESHUIDOUSHIXUNHUANSHIYONGDE,GUYOUCHENGWEIXUNHUANLENGQUESHUIXITONG。

冷却水系统YONGSHUILAILENGQUEGONGYIJIEZHIDEXITONGCHENGZUOLENGQUESHUIXITONG。LENGQUESHUIXITONGTONGCHANGYOULIANGZHONG:ZHILIULENGQUESHUIXITONGHEXUNHUANLENGQUESHUIXITONG。

ZHILIULENGQUESHUIXITONGZAIZHILIULENGQUESHUIXITONGZHONG,LENGQUESHUIJINJINTONGGUOHUANRESHEBEIYICI,YONGGUOHOUSHUIJIUBEIPAIFANGDIAO,YINCI,TADEYONGSHUILIANGHENDA,ERPAICHUSHUIDEWENSHENGQUEHENXIAO,SHUIZHONGGEZHONGKUANGWUZHIHELIZIHANLIANGJIBENSHANGBAOCHIBUBIAN。

1.2XUNHUANLENGQUESHUIXITONG

XUNHUANLENGQUESHUIXITONGYOUFENFENGBISHIHECHANGKAISHILIANGZHONG。

1.2.1 FENGBISHIXUNHUANLENGQUESHUIXITONG

FENGBISHIXUNHUANLENGQUESHUIXITONGYOUCHENGWEIMIBISHIXUNHUANLENGQUESHUIXITONG。ZAICIXITONGZHONG,LENGQUESHUIYONGGUOHOUBUSHIMASHANGPAIFANGDIAO,ERSHIHUISHOUZAIYONG。

1.2.2 CHANGKAISHIXUNHUANLENGQUESHUIXITONG

CHANGKAIZHENGFAXITONGSHIMUQIANYINGYONGZUIGUANG、LEIXINGZUIDUODEYIZHONGLENGQUEXITONG。TAYESHIYISHUILENGQUEYIZOUGONGYIJIEZHIHUOHUANRESHEBEISUOSANFADERELIANG,RANHOULIYONGRESHUIHEKONGQIZHIJIEJIECHUSHIJIANGYIBUFENRESHUIZHENGFACHUQU,ERSHIDABUFENRESHUIDEDAOLENGQUEHOU,ZAIXUNHUANSHIYONG。YINCI,ZHEIYANGDEXITONGYECHENGCHANGKAIXUNHUANLENGQUESHUIXITONG。GENJURESHUIHEKONGQIJIECHUFANGFADEBUTONG,KEYIFENCHENGHENDUOLEIXING。CHANGKAIXUNHUANLENGQUESHUIXITONGDEFENLEIJIANBIAOYI。

表一 敞开蒸发系统的分类

LENGQUESHUIYOUXUNHUANBENGSONGWANGXITONGZHONGGEHUANREQI,YILENGQUEGONGYIREJIEZHI,LENGQUESHUIBENSHENWENDUSHENGGAO,BIANCHENGRESHUI,CIXUNHUANSHUILIANGWEIRDERESHUIBEISONGWANGLENGQUETADINGBU,YOUBUSHUIGUANDAOPENLINDAOTANEITIANLIAOSHANG。KONGQIZEYOUTADIBAIYECHUANGKONGXIZHONGJINRUTANEI,BINGBEITADINGFENGSHANCHOUXISHANGSHENG,YULUOXIADESHUIDIHETIANLIAOSHANGDESHUIMOXIANGYUJINXINGREJIAOHUAN,SHUIDIHESHUIMOZEZAIXIAJIANGGUOCHENGZHONGZHUJIANBIANLENG,DANGDAODALENGQUESHUICHISHI,SHUIWENZHENGHAOXIAJIANGDAOFUHELENGQUESHUIDEYAOQIU。KONGQIZAITANEISHANGSHENGGUOCHENGZHONGZEZHUJIANBIANRE,ZUIHOUYOUTADINGYICHU,TONGSHIDAIZOUSHUIZHENGQI。ZHEIBUFENSHUIDESUNSHICHENGWEIZHENGQISUNSHIE。RESHUIYOUTADINGXIANGXIAPENJIANSHI,YOUYUWAIJIEFENGCHUIHEFENGSHANCHOUXIDEYINGXIANG,XUNHUANSHUIHUIYOUYIDINGDEFEIJIANSUNSHIHESUIKONGQIDAICHUDEWUMOJIADAISUNSHI。YOUYUZHEIXIESUNSHIDIAODESHUI,TONGCHENGWEIFENGCHUISUNSHID。WEILEWEICHIXUNHUANSHUIZHONGDEYIDINGDELIZINONGDU,BIXUBUDUANXIANGXITONGZHONGJIARUBUCHONGSHUILIANGMHEXITONGWAIMIANPAICHUYIDINGDEWUSHUI。ZHEIBUFENSHUILIANGCHENGWEIPAIWUSUNSHIB。

LENGQUETADEZHONGLEIHENDUO,ANZHAOTADEGOUZAOHEKONGQILIUDONGQINGKUANGLAIQUFEN,YOUZIRANTONGFENGLENGQUETAHEJIXIETONGFENGLENGQUETALIANGDALEI。ANZHAOKONGQIYUSHUIZAITANEIDEXIANGDUILIUDONGQINGKUANG,YOUKEFENWEINILIUSHIHEHENGLIUSHI。YOUGUANGEZHONGLEIXINGLENGQUETADEJIEGOUHETEDIAN,KECANYUEYOUGUANDECANKAOWENXIAN。JIXIETONGFENGLENGQUETALENGQUEXIAOGUOZUIHAO。SHEJIZHONGYINGZONGHEKAOLVXUNHUANBI,QIYINGZAI3~5BEIWEIYI。

2、浓缩倍数

XUNHUANLENGQUESHUIDENONGSUOBEISHUSHIGAIXUNHUANLENGQUESHUIDEHANYANLIANGYUQIBUCHONGSHUIDEHANYANLIANGZHIBI。TIGAOXUNHUANLENGQUESHUIDENONGSUOBEISHU,KEYIJIANGDIBUCHONGSHUIDEYONGLIANG,CONGERJIEYUESHUIZIYUAN;HAIKEYIJIANGDIPAIWUSHUILIANG,CONGERJIANSHAODUIHUANJINGDEWURANHEFEISHUIDECHULILIANG。CIWAI,TIGAONONGSUOBEISHUHAIKEYIJIEYUESHUICHULIJIDEXIAOHAOLIANG,CONGERJIANGDILENGQUESHUICHULIDECHENGBEN。DANSHI,GUODUODITIGAONONGSUOBEISHU,HUISHIXUNHUANLENGQUESHUIZHONGDEYINGDU,JIANDUHEZHUODUSHENGDETAIGAO,SHUIDEJIEGOUQINGXIANGZENGDAHENDUO,CONGERSHIJIEGOUKONGZHIDENANDUBIANDETAIDA;HAIHUISHIXUNHUANLENGQUESHUIZHONGDEFUSHIXINGLIZI(LIRUClHESO4)HEFUSHIXINGWUZHI(LIRUH2S、SO2HENH3)DEHANLIANGZENGJIA,SHUIDEFUSHIXINGZENGQIANG,CONGERSHIFUSHIKONGZHIDENANDUZENGJIA;GUODUODITIGAONONGSUOBEISHUHAIHUISHIYAOJI(LIRUJULINSUANYAN)ZAILENGQUESHUIXITONGNEIDETINGLIUSHIJIANZENGZHANGERSHUIJIE。YINCI,LENGQUESHUIDENONGSUOBEISHUBINGBUSHIYUGAOYUHAO,YIBANREDIANXITONGKEKONGZHI5~8BEI,HUAGONG、LIANYOU2~4BEI。

SHIYINGSHAGUOLVQIYINGYONGYULENGQUESHUICHULI

SHIYINGSHAGUOLVSHIQUCHUSHUIZHONGXUANFUWUZUIYOUXIAOSHOUDUANZHIYI,SHIWUSHUISHENDUCHULI、WUSHUIHUIYONGHEJISHUICHULIZHONGZHONGYAODEDANYUAN。QIZUOYONGSHIJIANGSHUIZHONGYIJINGXUNINGDEWURANWUJINYIBUQUCHU,TATONGGUOLVLIAODEJIELIU、CHENJIANGHEXIFUZUOYONG,DADAOJINGSHUIDEMUDE。

二.适用范围

1.YONGYUYAOQIUCHUSHUIZHUODU≤5mg/LNENGFUHEYINYONGSHUIZHIBIAOZHUNDEGONGYEYONGSHUI、SHENGHUOYONGSHUIJISHIZHENGJISHUIXITONG;

2.GONGYEWUSHUIZHONGDEXUANFUWU、GUTIWUDEQUCHU;

3.KEYONGZUOLIZIJIAOHUANFARUANHUA、CHUYANXITONGZHONGDEYUCHULISHEBEI,DUISHUIZHIYAOQIUBUGAODEGONGYEJISHUIDECUGUOLVSHEBEI;

YIJIYONGZAIYOUYONGCHIXUNHUANCHULIXITONG、LENGQUEXUNHUANSHUIJINGHUAXITONGDENG。

系统

循环水的分类

YUREXUNHUANSHUIDAZHIFENWEISILEI:1、YAOKONGBAN(CHUANQIANGYAOKONG) 2、SHUIKONGBAN(SHUILIUXING) 3、DIANNAOBAN(QUANZIDONG) 4、JIXIEBAN(BANZIDONG)

1、 室内强排机,

JIANYISHIYONGJIXIEBANXUNHUANSHUI。(LIANGGECHONGLIANGFANG,SHIYIDAZHONGKEHU)

LIYOU:JIXIEBANCHENGXUSHAO,CAOZUOJIANDAN,SHIYONGZHIQIANANYIXIA,YOUFUWEIKAIGUAN,DONGTIANYONGDEZHE,XIATIANBUYONG。

2、 室外机,

JIANYIYOUHUISHUIGUANDEJIANYIYONGSHUILIUBANDE

(YOUDIAN:KAIYIXIARESHUILONGTOUJIKEXUNHUAN,GUANSHUIJITING)。

MEIYOUHUISHUIGUANDAODEZUIHAOSHIYONGWUXIANYAOKONGXING,

YOUDIAN:PEIZHIDUOGEYAOKONGQI,SUISHISUIDICAOZUO。

SHIWAIJIANZHUANGWEIZHIYUAN,KAIGUANBUFANGBIAN,YOUHUISHUIGUANDEZAIRENHEDIFANGKAISHUIDOUXIANGDANGYUKAIGUAN,YOUYAOKONGQIZAISHINEIJIUKEYIYAOKONG

SHIYONGGANCHU:ZAOCHENQILAIXIANGCHONGLIANG,BUYONGDONG,ZAICHUANGTOUYAOKONGYIXIA,ZAIQILAIDAOYUSHIQUCHONGLIANGJIUKEYILA。DAKAIZHIJIECHURESHUI。

3、 SHINEIPINGHENGJI,LIANGGEYISHANGCHONGLIANGFANGDE,YAOYOUYIDIANJULICAIANZHUANGXUNHUANSHUI,QIANGLIEJIANYISHIYONGJIXIEBANJINKOUBENGXUNHUANSHUIXITONG

LIYOU,PINGHENGJIBENLAIJIUZHUANGZAIYUSHINEI,JULIWOFANGBUHUITAIYUAN,SHIYONGZHIQIANZHIYAOGUOQUKAIYIXIAJIUKEYILA,ZHEIYANGLIANGGECHONGLIANGFANGJIASHANGCHUFANGDOUKEYITONGSHISHIYONGRESHUI。

YOUHUISHUIGUANMEIYOUHUISHUIGUANYOUSHENMEQUBIENEI?

JIANYIYOUHUISHUIGUANDEKEYISHIYONGSHUILIUKONGZHIDE、QUANZIDONGDE。

1、 SHUILIUDEJIUSHIZAIRENHEYOURESHUIDEDIFANGZHIYAODAKAIYIXIARESHUIZAIGUANDIAO,XUNHUANSHUIJIUHUIYISANMIAOYIMIDESUDUZIDONGXUNHUAN,XUNHUANWANBIZAIQUDAKAIRENHEYOURESHUIDEDIFANGJIUHUIZHIJIECHURESHUI。

YOUSHI:QIANGLIEJIANYIBIGUALUYONGHUSHIYONGSHUILIUKONGZHIDE,YINWEIKEYISHEDINGSHIJIANDUANKONGZHI,YEJIUSHISHUOZAIYIDINGDESHIJIANNEIKEYIDADAOSUISHISHIYONGSUISHIJIUYOURESHUI。

2、 QUANZIDONGJIUSHIWENKONGDE,YIBANBIESHUHUOZHEFALANGDENGXIYUZHONGXINKEYIXUANZEQUANZIDONGFANGSHI,SUOWEIDEQUANZIDONGJIUSHIBARESHUIQIWENDUSHEDINGDAO42DU,BAXUNHUANSHUIXITONGSHEDINGDAO38DU,RANHOUYOUYIGEWENKONGGANYINGDETANTOULIANJIEDAOHUISHUIGUANZUIMODUAN,ZHEIYANGYIDANWENDUDIYU38DUJIUHUIZIDONGQIDONG,YITIANQIDONGNCI,HENSHILANGFEI,JIANYIYIBANJIATINGBUYAOSHIYONGZHEIZHONGGONGNENG。

ZHUSHI:YISHANGLIANGZHONGGONGNENGMEIYOUHUISHUIGUANDEWEISHENMEBUNENGYONG,

SHUILIUDEMEIYOUHUISHUIGUANDEHUAYOUSHIKAILENGSHUIYEHUIQIDONG,YINWEISHUIKONGBANDEBENGTILIMIANPEIZHISHUILIUGANYINGQI,SUOYISHUIGUANLIMIANDESHUIBODONGDADEHUAJIUHUIYINQIXUNHUANSHUIGONGZUO。

WENKONGDESHIGENGBUNENGSHIYONG,YINGWEIMEIYOUHUISHUIGUANDEHUAXUNHUANSHUIPINFANQIDONGJIUHUIBARESHUIGUANLIMIANDELENGSHUIJIYADAOLENGSHUIGUANLIMIAN,ZHEIYANGDAKAILENGSHUIYECHURESHUI,SUOYISHIYONGDIANNAOBANDEYONGHUZUIHAOBUYAOZIXINGDIAOSHIDIANNAOBAN,YIMIANDIAOSHICUOWUSHEDINGCHENGWENKONG。

WUHUISHUIGUANDEJIANYISHIYONGJIXIEBANHUOZHESHIYAOKONGBAN。

1, JIXIEBANDEZUIJINGJISHIHUI,YINWEIJIXIEBANDEZUJIANSHAO,GUZHANGLVKENDINGDI。

2, YAOKONGBANDEKEYIZAICHUANGSHANGTANGZHEJIUKEYIZHIJIEYAOKONGXUNHUANSHUIXITONG,RANHOUJIUKEYIDADAOYUREXIAOGUO。

TAIYANGNENGYONGHUZHUYISHIXIANG,TAIYANGNENGDEANZHUANGXUNHUANSHUIXITONGBIXUYAOYOUHUISHUIGUAN,MEIYOUHUISHUIGUANDEWUFADADAOXUNHUANXIAOGUO,JIANYIBUYAOMANGMUGOUMAI,GOUMAIZHIQIANJIANYIZIXUNZHUANJIAYOUJIEJUEFANGSHICAIKEYI。JIEJUEFANGSHIJIUSHILINGWAIDUOJIAYITIAOHUISHUIGUAN,CHANGJIAHAIMEIYOUGONGKETAIYANGNENGWUHUISHUIGUANANZHUANGDEWENTI。

循环水的构成

XUNHUANSHUIYOUXUNHUANBENG、KONGZHIXITONG、DANXIANGFADENGZUCHENG,TAYURESHUIQI、RESHUIZHUGUAN、RESHUIHUIGUANZUCHENGYITAOWANZHENGDERESHUIXUNHUANXITONG;GONGZUOYUANLISHIKONGZHIXITONGJIXINHAOXUNHUANBENG,XUNHUANBENGDAIDONGSHUIZAINEIBUXUNHUANQIDONGRESHUIQIJIARE,DADAOSHEDINGSHIJIANHUOWENDUSHITINGZHIGONGZUO,RESHUISHIYONGDIANJIKAIJIYOURESHUI。

 

XUNHUANSHUICHUYOUQINGXUANZEWOXUANFUYOUSHOUJIQIHELVXINSHIYOUSHUIFENLIQI;XUNHUANSHUICHUGUTIZAZHI,QINGXUANZEWOXUANGUYEFENLIQI

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